Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2017, Page: 14-18
Marine Environment's Effect on the Deterioration of Archaeological Buildings in the Mediterranean Sea Coast (Alexandria – Egypt as an Example)
Rabea Radi Abdel Kader, Restoration Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Shaimaa Sayed Mohamed El-Sayed, Restoration Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
El-Ghareeb Sonbol, Restoration Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Received: Feb. 21, 2017;       Accepted: Apr. 5, 2017;       Published: Nov. 1, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.20170502.11      View  2303      Downloads  107
Abstract
The environment has many severe effects on the Archaeological sites all over the world, it varies from country to the other, there are agriculture, desert and marine environments, the monument is neonate its environment, from the first, the building materials were from the environment, also the deterioration factors are from the environment, this research sheds the light on the marine environment's effect on the deterioration of archaeological sites in the Mediterranean sea coast ( Alexandria – Egypt as an example), the effects vary from the relative humidity, air temperature variations, wind, sea levels rise, underground water, air pollution, rain and tides. The case study tombs in Alexandria which suffer from the marine environment's effect are Kom El - Shoqafa catacombs and El-Shattbi catacombs, the deterioration factors related to the marine environment cause the degradation of these catacombs and this precious cultural heritage.
Keywords
Marine Environment, Deterioration, Archaeological Buildings, Mediterranean Sea Coast, Alexandria, Kom El- Shoqafa and El- Shattbi Catacombs
To cite this article
Rabea Radi Abdel Kader, Shaimaa Sayed Mohamed El-Sayed, El-Ghareeb Sonbol, Marine Environment's Effect on the Deterioration of Archaeological Buildings in the Mediterranean Sea Coast (Alexandria – Egypt as an Example), International Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 14-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ija.20170502.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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