Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 23-36
Lithic Variability and Techno-Economy of the Initial Upper Palaeolithic in the Levant
Dirk Leder, Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology, CRC 806 – “Our way to Europe”, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Received: May 18, 2018;       Accepted: Jun. 6, 2018;       Published: Jun. 29, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.20180601.14      View  794      Downloads  57
Abstract
The Levant forms a geographic bridge between Africa and Eurasia, making it a focal point for research on past human dispersals. The Initial Upper Palaeolithic (IUP) of the Levant is commonly associated with Homo sapiens’ dispersal from Africa to Eurasia, which is characterised by substantial changes in material culture when compared to the preceding Middle Palaeolithic. While many researchers have noticed considerable variability among these IUP lithic assemblages, a systematic evaluation is currently missing. The study presented here addresses this cavity by employing techno-typological data from relevant Levantine IUP assemblages. Statistical methods, namely principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) allow structuring these assemblages into distinct groups. These groups are then reviewed against palaeogeographic data and techno-economic behaviour patterns. Results show that IUP assemblages in the Mediterranean zone are similar to each other in regards to techno-typology, palaeogeography and techno-economic behaviour, being indicative of residential base camps. Contrastingly, assemblages in the semi-arid zone are more variable in regards to techno-typology and techno-economy, indicating more specialised activities such as hunting/butchering, which is often combined with local raw material exploitation.
Keywords
Initial Upper Palaeolithic, Middle-Upper Palaeolithic Transition, Levant, Lithics, Techno-Economy, Technological Organization, Human-Environment Interactions
To cite this article
Dirk Leder, Lithic Variability and Techno-Economy of the Initial Upper Palaeolithic in the Levant, International Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 23-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ija.20180601.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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